We have all occasionally experienced the frustration of misplacing our
car keys, forgetting someone's name or losing track of what we wanted
to say. Some small memory lapses are a normal part of the aging process
and are not cause for alarm.
But when someone forgets the names of family members or what the car keys
are for, it may be a sign of an underlying problem: Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's is a progressive disease that attacks the brain and affects
memory, thinking and behavior. Approximately 5.7 million Americans have
the disease, according to the
Recognizing the symptoms
The main sign of the disease is dementia (loss of memory and intellectual
function) so severe that it interferes with work and social activities.
Problems usually occur in adults middle-aged and older.
According to the association, other signs of the disease include:
- Difficulty performing familiar tasks.
- Problems with language.
- Disorientation in time and place.
- Trouble planning or solving problems.
- Misplacing things.
- Poor or decreased judgment.
- Changes in personality, mood or behavior.
- Withdrawal from work or social activities.
Diagnosing the disease
There's a definite challenge in diagnosing Alzheimer's. First,
there is no single screening test. And the disease can only be diagnosed
definitively after death, by an examination of brain tissue.
Further, other disorders—such as depression, brain tumors, Parkinson's
disease, stroke and thyroid disease—have dementia symptoms similar
to Alzheimer's. In fact, doctors make a probable diagnosis of the
disease by eliminating other possible causes for the symptoms.
A person experiencing dementia needs a complete medical and neurological
exam, according to the association. The disease affects people in many
different ways, making it difficult to predict how it will progress in
any one individual.
Reaching out for help
While there is still no cure for Alzheimer's, many of the conditions
that cause dementia are treatable. If your loved one shows signs that
could indicate Alzheimer's, the association suggests that you schedule
an evaluation with your doctor.
If your loved one is diagnosed with Alzheimer's, remember that there
is support and help available. The Alzheimer's Association has local
chapters nationwide, which provide services and programs to families affected
by the disease. For information, call