What you can do to help trick-or-treaters avoid injury.
Halloween should be a night filled only with treats. Yet every year, kids
are injured—sometimes seriously—because they're too excited
to watch out for cars, masks block their sight or a knife slips when they're
To keep the trick-or-treaters in your family safe this Halloween, follow
these tips from the
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the
American Academy of Pediatrics and
Safe Kids Worldwide:
Make costumes safe. For example, to make kids more visible at night, have them wear light-colored
costumes, and decorate both costumes and bags with reflective tape or stickers.
Also see that kids:
- Dress up with nontoxic face paint and makeup instead of masks. Wearing
a mask could block your child's vision.
- Wear costumes, wigs and accessories that are clearly labeled as flame-resistant.
- Don't carry a sword or stick that is sharp and potentially dangerous.
- Never wear nonprescription, decorative contact lenses, which can cause
serious eye infections and permanent vision loss.
Set ground rules for trick-or-treating. Any child younger than 12 needs to be accompanied by an adult when trick-or-treating,
particularly when crossing streets. Older kids need to tell parents precisely
where in the neighborhood they'll be knocking on doors. They also
need to agree on a specific time to show up back at home and to carry
a cellphone for emergencies.
In addition, all kids should be reminded to:
- Always use sidewalks when they're available. When sidewalks aren't
available, kids should walk on the far edge of the street, facing traffic.
- Never cross between parked cars, use alleys or cut across yards.
- Only go to homes with a porch light on, and never enter a home or car for a treat.
- Always carry a flashlight with fresh batteries.
- Throw away any candy that is unwrapped or has a wrapper that is torn.
Take care with pumpkins. Don't let small children carve pumpkins. Let them draw a face with
a marker, and then carve the pumpkin yourself.
Some other pumpkin safety tips:
- If older kids carve pumpkins, have them use a pumpkin carving kit or a
knife specifically designed for carving.
- Consider using a flashlight or glow stick instead of a candle to light pumpkins.
- Always place candle-lit pumpkins on a sturdy table, away from curtains
and other flammable objects.
Keep your home safe
Even if you don't have trick-or-treaters in your family, if you're
handing out candy you should follow these precautions:
- Keep anything a child could trip on—such as a bike or garden hose—away
from your yard or porch.
- Remove wet leaves from sidewalks and steps.
- Restrain pets so they don't bite trick-or-treaters.